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论文信息：Chen Nan, Pei Xiao-Jin, Li Sheng, Fan Yong-Liang*, Tong-Xian Liu*. Involvement of integument-rich CYP4G19 in hydrocarbon biosynthesis and cuticular penetration resistance in Blattella germanica (L.). Pest Management Science. doi:10.1002/ps.5499。
论文摘要：BACKGROUND: Cuticle penetration plays an important role as a mechanism of insecticide resistance, but the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. In Blattellagermanica, the cytochrome P450 gene, CYP4G19, is overexpressed in a pyrethroid-resistant strain. Here, we investigated whether CYP4G19 is involved in the biosynthesis of hydrocarbons and further contributes to cuticular penetration resistance in B. germanica.
RESULTS: Compared with the susceptible strain, pyrethroid-resistant cockroaches showed lower cuticular permeability with Eosin Y staining. Removal of epicuticular lipids, mainly nonpolar hydrocarbons, with a hexane wash intensified the cuticular permeability and decreased the resistance index of the resistant strain. CYP4G19 was predominately expressed in the abdominal integument and could be upregulated by desiccation stress or short exposure to beta-cypermethrin. Overexpression of CYP4G19 in the resistant strain was positively correlated with a higher level of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs). RNAi-mediated knockdown of CYP4G19 significantly decreased its expression and caused a reduction in CHCs. Meanwhile, CYP4G19 suppression resulted in a non-uniform array of the lipid layer, enhanced cuticle permeability, and compromised insecticide tolerance.
CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm that CYP4G19 is involved in hydrocarbon production and appears to contribute to hydrocarbon-based penetration resistance in B. germanica. This study highlights the lipid-based penetration resistance, advancing our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying P450-mediated cuticular penetration resistance in insects.